International standard for information security (ISO) - 27001 April 17, 2022 | 6 min Read

International standard for information security (ISO) - 27001

Table Of Contents

ISO 27001 Introduction

ISO 27001 is a primary international standard for information security (ISO). ISO-27001 is a component of the ISO/IEC 27000 family of standards for information security. The ISO framework is a set of rules and practices that companies may utilize. ISO 27001 establishes a framework to help companies of any size or industry protect their information in a systematic and cost-effective manner by implementing an Information Security Management System (ISMS).

Not only does the standard offer businesses with the knowledge they need to protect their most precious information, but a company can also get certified against ISO 27001 and demonstrate to its clients and partners that it protects their data. Individuals can also obtain ISO 27001-related certifications by taking a course and passing the exam, demonstrating their abilities to future employers. ISO 27001 is easily recognized all around the world because it is an international standard, providing commercial potential for enterprises and people.

About ISMS

ISMS is an abbreviation for “Information Security Management System.” It is a documented management system that consists of a collection of security controls designed to safeguard assets’ confidentiality, availability, and integrity against threats and vulnerabilities. Organizations may secure their confidential, personal, and sensitive data by creating, establishing, monitoring, and maintaining an ISMS.

Needs of ISMS

There are a rising number of rules, regulations, and contractual obligations pertaining to information security. Apart from the ISO 27001 standard providing an ideal way for complying with them, there are numerous other inherent benefits of implementing a proper ISMS.

  • Achieve competitive advantage through Customer Confidence.

  • Lower costs through Efficient implementations.

  • Organized and Mitigated risks.

  • Universal Vendor Requirements.

How ISO 27001 work?

The goal of ISO 27001 is to preserve a company’s information’s confidentiality, integrity, and availability. The basic idea of ISO 27001 is built on a risk-management process of identifying the risks and then addressing them methodically via the application of security measures. According to ISO 27001, a corporation must specify all controls that will be applied in a document called the Statement of Applicability.

Two parts of the standard

The standard is divided into two sections. In the first, primary section,

  • Is made up of 11 clauses (0 to 10).

The second section, known as Annex A,

  • Serves as a reference for 114 control goals and controls.

The ISO 27001 standard is introduced in Clauses 0 to 3 (Introduction, Scope, Normative references, Terms, and definitions). The following clauses 4 to 10, which provide ISO 27001 requirements that are required if the firm wishes to be compliant with the standard, are addressed in further detail in this article. The standard’s Annex A provides a list of controls that are not obligatory but are chosen as part of the risk management process to supplement the clauses and their requirements.

How to implement ISO 27001 controls?

Technical controls are typically applied in information systems by the addition of software, hardware, and firmware components. Periodic Backups, security software implementations, etcetera are some examples. Organizational controls are put in place by establishing the rules to be followed as well as the expected behavior of users, equipment, software, and systems like Access Control Policy, BYOD Policy, etcetera. Legal controls are implemented by ensuring that rules and anticipated behaviors adhere to and enforce the laws, regulations, contracts, and other similar legal documents with which the business is required to comply. For example, NDAs (non-disclosure agreements), SLAs (service level agreements), and so on. Physical controls are typically achieved via the use of equipment or technologies that interact physically with people and objects. CCTV cameras, alarm systems, locks, and so forth. Human resource controls are accomplished by giving people the information, education, skills, or experience they need to do their jobs safely. For example, security awareness training, ISO 27001 internal auditor training, and so on.

What is ISO 27001 certification?

An organization can obtain ISO 27001 compliancy certification by requesting a recognized certification body to execute the certification audit and, if successful, to provide the ISO 27001 compliance certificate to the organization. This certificate indicates that the organization complies completely with the ISOs 27001 standard. Individuals can obtain ISO 27001 certification after completing ISO 27001 training and passing the test. This certificate demonstrates that the individual has achieved the necessary abilities during the training.

Steps and required documentation for an organization to become ISO certified:

  1. Prepare
  2. Establish the context, scope, and objectives
  3. Establish management framework
  4. Conduct a risk assessment
  5. Implement controls to mitigate risk
  6. Conduct training
  7. Review and update the required documentation
  8. Measure, monitor, and review ISMS performance
  9. Conduct an internal audit
  10. Registration/certification audits

The current version of ISO 27001

The current version of ISO 27001 is ISO/IEC 27001:2013. The new version of ISO 27001 ISO/IEC 27001:2022 will be released by October 2022.

How Can CryptoGen Nepal Help?

Many companies aspire for ISO 27001 certification to comply with numerous legislation and corporate governance requirements concerning information security. With the rise in cyber attacks throughout the world and the need for personal data protection, it has become more important than ever for businesses to establish creative and stringent methods to safeguard their most valuable assets. Obtaining accredited ISO 27001 compliance certification demonstrates that all members of the organization have received information security training, that the organization is committed to following best practices in information security, and that it is committed to protecting the organization’s data from potential security threats.

CryptoGen Nepal has recently obtained a certificate of compliance for meeting the requirements of the International Standard: ISO 27001:2013 (ICS RIS977/10875). As an ISO 27001 compliant company, CryptoGen Nepal has been providing assistance to various organizations to complete the certification process.

  • We provide security training, review, and assist with updating the required documentation.

  • Assistance with establishing the context, scope, and framework that are required to meet ISO 27001 implementation objectives.

  • CryptoGen Nepal offers an internal audit which is a mandatory requirement of the ISMS at the planned intervals to be compliant with the ISO 27001 standard. Internal audit includes Risk management, gap analysis, and implementation of controls to mitigate risks.

  • Measurement and monitoring of the performance of ISMS are also constantly analyzed and reviewed for effectiveness and compliance of ISMS.

  • Coordinate with a certification body for the various stages of the audit.

  • Assistance with maintaining the certification.

Overall, Cryptogen Nepal helps in every step of the compliance certification. From proper planning and implementing framework with effectively defined context, scope, and objectives to conducting internal audits within the defined time intervals which includes risk management and gap analysis, review and update of the required document,s, and ISMS performance analysis that helps an organization for obtaining and maintaining the compliant status with the ISO 27001:2013 standard.

Yojan Dhakal

Yojan Dhakal

Yojan Dhakal has been working in the Cyber Security Field for over 3 years. He specializes in Information Security Management Systems …

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